Gopatha – 23000 BCE knows Vedāṅga Jyotiṣa, then how old is Vedāṅga Jyotiṣa?

We already discovered, and ascertained with logical and scientific acumen, that Gopatha Brāhmaṇa was composed around 23000 BCE. Compilation of Vedāṅga Jyotiṣa has always been very critical. Shri PV Kane in transaltion of Vedāṅga Jyotiṣa has claimed that many researchers take Vedic Uttarayana from Vernal equinox and others take it from Winter solstice. We already solved it via many evidences from different texts, including Saidhantic text that new year began from Vasanta and Agni was the first and foremost of the season and year, which is a synonym of Vernal equinox too. There is an interesting cross reference of Vedāṅga Jyotiṣa in Gopatha Brāhmaṇa. Since all of them, Brahmanas, Aranyakas and Upanishads, are texts in reference to Vedas, thus the Samvatsara beginning has to be same in each text.

Evidence of Vedāṅga Jyotiṣa in Gopatha Brāhmaṇa

There is an evidence in Gopatha that says “six limbs”. Here it claims Vedāṅga Jyotiṣa’s studies and it’s presence from earlier to Gopatha times. Lets look at it.

Gopatha Brāhmaṇa (1.1.27) (see the screenshot above) where षडङ्गविदस्तत्तथाऽधीमहे, ṣaḍaṅgavidastattathā’dhīmahe mentions clearly that षडङ्गविद्-“knowing the six limbs” were known during 23000 BCE. We also saw that saṃvatsara in Gopatha began from Vasanta with the help of its internal evidence (see here).

The conjecture

It is thus correct when I conjecture that since Brāhmaṇās are vedic texts, and Vedāṅga is a part of Vedas as one of the six limbs, then the new year beginning in Vedāṅga Jyotiṣa cannot be different from Brahmanas. This is to bring to notice of many researchers who assign new year beginning from Winter solstice in Vedāṅga Jyotiṣa.

Interesting Note on the Occurrence of Place Names in Gopatha Brāhmaṇa

One can read that the places mentioned are Kuru, Pāñcāla, Kāśī, Magadha and other northern provinces but not beyond Vindhyā range. My talk and research paper on Agastya crossing Vindhyā during 19000 BCE is thus corroborated even with the help of Gopatha Brāhmaṇa. I had conjectured in my talk that place names started appearing from around 26000 BCE with the help of Jaimini’s – “Agastya leaving Kurukṣetra” reference. This was the first ever occurrence of place name in vedic texts. (Note that Brāhmaṇa, Aranyakās were edited during MBH times also, noted famously by Vyāsa.)

If the theories are correct then the proof will always settle with the truth. We know Vedāṅga Jyotiṣa has two recensions–one Rik and other Yajus (why two recensions?, is yet another question to the inquisitive minds). But now we know that it is older than Gopatha( 23000 BCE). How old? That too remains a question. We will solve it sometime in the near future when the new evidence arrive.

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